OBJECTIVES: In humans with congestive heart failure (CHF), better outcome is correlated with lower natriuretic peptide (NP) levels after starting treatment and greater percentage reduction of NP levels. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the relationship between absolute and relative changes in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and pro-atrial natriuretic peptide 31-67 (proANP 31-67) and overall cardiac survival in patients with symptomatic myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD). Furthermore, we sought to compare clinical and echocardiographic status of 12-month survivors and non-survivors.
ANIMALS, MATERIALS AND METHODS: 26 dogs with CHF due to MMVD. Initial NP levels, as well as absolute and percentage changes of follow-up NP levels (between 7 and 30 days after treatment start) and heart failure (HF) class were tested as potential predictors of overall cardiac survivorship. Additionally, various echocardiographic parameters, creatinine concentrations and furosemide doses were compared between 12-month survivors and non-survivors.
RESULTS: Dogs with follow-up NT-proBNP level <965 pmol/l had a significantly longer overall cardiac survival than patients with NT-proBNP level >965 pmol/l (P = 0.03). Dogs in a higher HF class had a significantly (P = 0.03) higher probability of shorter survival independent of their NP levels. When dogs were grouped by 12-month survival, only follow-up NT-proBNP levels were significantly different between groups.
CONCLUSIONS: HF class at presentation and NT-proBNP levels after initiating treatment are predictive of mortality in patients with symptomatic MMVD. ProANP 31-67 levels, percentage reduction in NPs levels, creatinine or urea concentration, echocardiographic parameters and furosemide dose did not predict outcome.
- Diuretics/therapeutic use
- Dog Diseases/therapy
- Furosemide/therapeutic use
- Heart Failure/drug therapy
- Mitral Valve Insufficiency/drug therapy
- Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/blood
- Peptide Fragments/blood