Macrophages Use Distinct Actin Regulators to Switch Engulfment Strategies and Ensure Phagocytic Plasticity In Vivo

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Abstract / Description of output

Macrophages must not only be responsive to an array of different stimuli, such as infection and cellular damage, but also perform phagocytosis within the diverse and complex tissue environments found in vivo. This requires a high degree of morphological and therefore cytoskeletal plasticity. Here, we use the exceptional genetics and in vivo imaging of Drosophila embryos to study macrophage phagocytic versatility during apoptotic corpse clearance. We find that macrophage phagocytosis is highly robust, arising from their possession of two distinct modes of engulfment that utilize exclusive suites of actin-regulatory proteins. “Lamellipodial phagocytosis” is Arp2/3-complex-dependent and allows cells to migrate toward and envelop apoptotic corpses. Alternatively, Diaphanous and Ena drive filopodial phagocytosis to reach out and draw in debris. Macrophages switch to “filopodial phagocytosis” to overcome spatial constraint, providing the robust plasticity necessary to ensure that whatever obstacle they encounter in vivo, they fulfil their critical clearance function.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107692
JournalCell Reports
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2020

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