Magnetic vortex effects on first-order reversal curve (FORC) diagrams for greigite dispersions

Miguel A. Valdez-Grijalva, Adrian R. Muxworthy, Wyn Williams, Pádraig Ó Conbhuí, Lesleis Nagy, Andrew P. Roberts, David Heslop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

First-order reversal curve (FORC) diagrams are used increasingly in geophysics for magnetic domain state identification. The domain state of a magnetic particle is highly sensitive to particle size, about which FORC diagrams provide valuable information. However, the FORC signal of particles with nonuniform magnetisations, which are the main carrier of natural remanent magnetisations in many systems, is still poorly understood. In this study, the properties of non-interacting, randomly oriented dispersions of greigite (Fe3S4) in the uniform single-domain (SD) to non-uniform single-vortex (SV) size range are investigated via micromagnetic calculations. Signals for SD particles () are found to be in excellent agreement with previous SD coherent-rotation studies. A transitional range from to is identified for which a mixture of SD and SV behaviour produces complex FORC diagrams. Particles have purely SV behaviour with the remanent state for all particles in the ensemble in the SV state. It is found that for SV ensembles the FORC diagram provides a map of vortex nucleation and annihilation fields and that the FORC distribution peak should not be interpreted as the coercivity of the sample, but as a vortex annihilation field on the path to saturation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Early online date31 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018


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