Maintaining the Power Output of An Existing Coal Plant with the Addition of CO 2 Capture: Retrofits Options With Gas Turbine Combined Cycle Plants

Maria Sanchez Del Rio, Mathieu Lucquiaud, Jon Gibbins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

It is likely that a significant number of existing pulverised coal-fired power plants will be retrofitted with post-combustion capture as part of a global rollout of carbon capture and storage. Previous studies have demonstrated that the energy penalty for post-combustion carbon dioxide (CO2) capture can be greatly minimised by effective integration of the capture system with the power cycle. Nevertheless, the power output of the site is, in most cases, reduced and the volume of electricity sales would drop. For other plants, the existing steam cycle may not be able to be integrated effectively for steam extraction, or space and access around/to the steam cycle may be impossible. As an alternative to steam extraction, it is possible to retrofit existing coal plants with a gas turbine combined cycle plant (CCGT) to maintain, or even increase, the site power output. The gas turbine can be integrated to the existing coal plant in various ways to supply all the heat, or a fraction of the heat, and the power required for the capture systems. An important consideration is whether carbon emissions from both, the combined cycle and the retrofitted coal plant are captured, or from the latter only.

This paper examines these different options for carbon capture retrofits to existing coal plant and presents a novel configuration with the sequential combustion of gas turbine flue gas in the existing coal boiler while capturing carbon emissions from the combustion of coal and natural gas.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2530–2541
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume63
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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