Management of pancreatic pseudocysts

G Tzovaras, T Diamond, B J Rowlands, Rowan W Parks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This review analyses the outcome for patients with acute and chronic pancreatic pseudocysts managed in two major referral centres. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1987 to 1997, 33 patients were treated with either acute (n = 19) or chronic (n = 14) pseudocysts. Procedures performed included cystgastrostomy (64%), cystduodenostomy (6%), cystjejunostomy (3%), distal pancreatectomy with resection of pseudocyst (12%), laparotomy with external drainage (9%), endoscopic transpapillary stenting (3%) and endoscopic pancreatic duct sphincterotomy with percutaneous drainage of the pseudocyst (3%). RESULTS: All patients had resolution of their pseudocyst and no patient developed recurrence. There were no deaths in this series. There was a 9% incidence of major complications and a 21% incidence of minor complications. Outcome was excellent in 63% and good in 27% of patients. Two patients (6%) had persistent chronic pain and one patient (3%) had evidence of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency with malabsorption. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical internal drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts can be performed safely with low morbidity and mortality provided patients are carefully selected and their medical management is optimized. Although minimally invasive techniques now offer a variety of treatment options, open surgical drainage is still indicated for a significant number of cases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-7
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England
Volume82
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Acute Disease
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Chronic Disease
  • Drainage
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pancreatic Pseudocyst
  • Recurrence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome

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