Manganese-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Takotsubo Syndrome

T. Singh, S. Joshi, L.E. Kershaw, A.H. Baker, G.P. Mccann, D.K. Dawson, M.R. Dweck, S.I. Semple, D.E. Newby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
Takotsubo syndrome is an acute cardiac emergency characterized by transient left ventricular systolic dysfunction typically following a stressful event. Despite its rapidly rising incidence, its pathophysiology remains poorly understood. Takotsubo syndrome may pass unrecognized, especially if timely diagnostic imaging is not performed. Defective myocardial calcium homeostasis is a central cause of contractile dysfunction and has not been explored in takotsubo syndrome. We aimed to investigate myocardial calcium handling using manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging during the acute and recovery phases of takotsubo syndrome.

METHODS:
Twenty patients with takotsubo syndrome (64±12 years of age; 90% female) and 20 volunteers matched on age, sex, and cardiovascular risk factors (59±11 years of age; 70% female) were recruited from the Edinburgh Heart Centre between March 2020 and October 2021. Patients underwent gadolinium and manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging during index hospitalization with repeat manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging performed after at least 3 months.

RESULTS:
Compared with matched control volunteers, patients had a reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (51±11 versus 67±8%; P
CONCLUSIONS:
In patients with takotsubo syndrome, there is a profound perturbation of myocardial manganese uptake, which is most marked in the acute phase but persists for at least 3 months despite apparent restoration of normal left ventricular ejection fraction and resolution of myocardial edema, suggesting abnormal myocardial calcium handling may be implicated in the pathophysiology of takotsubo syndrome. Manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging has major potential to assist in the diagnosis, characterization, and risk stratification of patients with takotsubo syndrome.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCirculation
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Manganese-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Takotsubo Syndrome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this