Manuscript No. 2: Distributed creativity, co-authorship and new virtuosities in process.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract / Description of output

Manuscript 2 is the result of a collaboration between a visual artist, (JG) and a musician (RM), allowing each to engage in the other’s practice. Importantly, the work functions both as a composition and as an independent “artwork” that can be presented in a gallery without musical accompaniment or performed in concert where audiences may not be able to view the score.

Ganter and MacDonald's development of Manuscript 2 was throughout a negotiation between visual composition and sound. The relationship of colours, lines and shapes were balanced with how the piece should sound through the relationship of long notes, melodic and pointillistic material. The score was then introduced and explained to small groups of musicians to play. While the visual score gives instruction and shape to the music, the piece also explores ideas of distributed creativity and co-authorship so performers are making what might be considered “composerly” decisions. Musicians negotiate the score, making musical choices in the moment about how to interpret the instructions (eg what note or texture to play, dynamics, timbre etc). Therefore, the piece will be unique each time it is played while retaining specific qualities that are demanded by the score, (eg the piece finishes with series of long notes each one lower in pitch that the last). Thus, the piece interrogates some of the typical power dynamics that exist between composer and performer using improvisation as a key element while attempting to blur the boundaries between the disciplines of visual art and music, and between traditional definitions of composition and improvisation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGrapheme: a publication for experimental music scores
Pages5 - 13
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022


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