Many mechanisms, one entrance: membrane protein translocation into the nucleus

Nikolaj Zuleger, Alastair R W Kerr, Eric C Schirmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The inner nuclear membrane harbors a unique set of membrane proteins, many of which interact with nuclear intermediate filaments and chromatin components and thus play an important role in nuclear organization and gene expression regulation. These membrane proteins have to be constantly transported into the nucleus from their sites of synthesis in the ER to match the growth of the nuclear membrane during interphase. Many mechanisms have evolved to enable translocation of these proteins to the nucleus. The full range of mechanisms goes from rare autophagy events to regulated translocation using the nuclear pore complexes. Though mechanisms involving nuclear pores are predominant, within this group an enormous mechanistic range is observed from free diffusion through the peripheral channels to many distinct mechanisms involving different nucleoporins and other components of the soluble protein transport machinery in the central channels. This review aims to provide a comprehensive insight into this mechanistic diversity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCellular and Molecular Life Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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