Mapping analysis to predict the associated EuroQol five-dimension three-level utility values from the Oxford Knee Score: a prediction and validation study

Nick D. Clement*, Irrum Afzal, Christian J. H. Peacock, Deborah MacDonald, Gavin J. Macpherson, James T. Patton, Vipin Asopa, David H. Sochart, Deiary F. Kader

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims

The aims of this study were to assess mapping models to predict the three-level version of EuroQoL five-dimension utility index (EQ-5D-3L) from the Oxford Knee Score (OKS) and validate these before and after total knee arthroplasty (TKA).
Methods

A retrospective cohort of 5,857 patients was used to create the prediction models, and a second cohort of 721 patients from a different centre was used to validate the models, all of whom underwent TKA. Patient characteristics, BMI, OKS, and EQ-5D-3L were collected preoperatively and one year postoperatively. Generalized linear regression was used to formulate the prediction models.
Results

There were significant correlations between the OKS and EQ-5D-3L preoperatively (r = 0.68; p < 0.001) and postoperatively (r = 0.77; p < 0.001) and for the change in the scores (r = 0.61; p < 0.001). Three different models (preoperative, postoperative, and change) were created. There were no significant differences between the actual and predicted mean EQ-5D-3L utilities at any timepoint or for change in the scores (p > 0.090) in the validation cohort. There was a significant correlation between the actual and predicted EQ-5D-3L utilities preoperatively (r = 0.63; p < 0.001) and postoperatively (r = 0.77; p < 0.001) and for the change in the scores (r = 0.56; p < 0.001). Bland-Altman plots demonstrated that a lower utility was overestimated, and higher utility was underestimated. The individual predicted EQ-5D-3L that was within ± 0.05 and ± 0.010 (minimal clinically important difference (MCID)) of the actual EQ-5D-3L varied between 13% to 35% and 26% to 64%, respectively, according to timepoint assessed and change in the scores, but was not significantly different between the modelling and validation cohorts (p ≥ 0.148).
Conclusion

The OKS can be used to estimate EQ-5D-3L. Predicted individual patient utility error beyond the MCID varied from one-third to two-thirds depending on timepoint assessed, but the mean for a cohort did not differ and could be employed for this purpose.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-581
Number of pages9
JournalBone & Joint Open
Volume3
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • EQ-5D
  • Oxford Knee Score
  • arthroplasty
  • outcome
  • predictors

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