Mapping quantitative trait loci regulating chicken body composition traits

Y Gao, Z Q Du, W H Wei, X J Yu, X M Deng, C G Feng, J Fei, J D Feng, N Li, X X Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Genome scans were conducted on an F(2) resource population derived from intercross of the White Plymouth Rock with the Silkies Fowl to detect QTL affecting chicken body composition traits. The population was genotyped with 129 microsatellite markers and phenotyped for 12 body composition traits on 238 F(2) individuals from 15 full-sib families. In total, 21 genome-wide QTL were found to be responsible for 11 traits, including two newly studied traits of proventriculus weight and shank girth. Three QTL were genome-wide significant: at 499 cm on GGA1 (explained 3.6% of phenotypic variance, P <0.01) and 51 cm on GGA5 (explained 3.3% of phenotypic variance, P <0.05) for the shank & claw weight and 502 cm on GGA1 (explained 1.4% of phenotypic variance, P <0.05) for wing weight. The QTL on GGA1 seemed to have pleiotropic effects, also affecting gizzard weight at 490 cm, shank girth at 489 cm and intestine length at 481 cm. It is suggested that further efforts be made to understand the possible pleiotropic effects of the QTL on GGA1 and that on GGA5 for two shank-related traits.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)952-4
Number of pages3
JournalAnimal Genetics
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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