Marked and widening socio-economic inequalities in type 2 diabetes prevalence in Scotland

Jack Wang*, Sarah H Wild, on behalf of the Scottish Diabetes Research Network Epidemiology Group

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background
This study investigated the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) prevalence in Scotland in 2021 and tested the null hypothesis that inequalities had not changed since they were last described for 2001-2007.
Methods
Data from a national population-based diabetes database for 35-to-84-year-olds in Scotland for 2021 and mid-year population estimates for 2019 stratified by sex and fifths of the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation were used to calculate age-specific prevalence of T2D. Age-standardised prevalence was estimated using the European Standard Population with relative risks (RRs) compared between the most (Q1) and least (Q5) deprived fifths for each sex, and compared against similar estimates from 2001-2007.
Results
Complete data were available for 255,764 people (98.9%) with T2D. Age-standardised prevalence was lowest for women in Q5 (3.4%) and highest for men in Q1 (11.6%). RRs have increased from 2.00 (95% CI 1.52-2.62) in 2001-2007 to 2.48 (95% CI 2.43-2.53) in 2021 for women and from 1.58 (95% CI 1.20-2.07) in 2007 to 1.89 (95% CI 1.86-1.92) in 2021 for men.
Conclusions
Socioeconomic inequalities in T2D prevalence have widened between 2001-2007 and 2021. Further research is required to investigate potential medium-term effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Epidemiology & Community Health
Early online date11 Oct 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Oct 2021

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