Measurement of $B^+$, $B^0$ and $\Lambda_b^0$ production in $p\mkern 1mu\mathrm{Pb}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}=8.16\,{\rm TeV}$

Peter Clarke, Greig Cowan, R. Currie, Stephan Eisenhardt, Silvia Gambetta, Franz Muheim, Matthew Needham, Stephen Playfer, Marco Pappagallo, Mark Williams, LHCb Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The production of $B^+$, $B^0$ and $\Lambda_b^0$ hadrons is studied in proton-lead collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}=8.16\,{\rm TeV}$ recorded with the LHCb detector at the LHC. The measurement uses a dataset corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $12.2\pm0.3\,\mathrm{nb}^{-1}$ for the case where the proton beam is projected into the LHCb detector (corresponding to measuring hadron production at positive rapidity) and $18.6\pm0.5\,\mathrm{nb}^{-1}$ for the lead beam projected into the LHCb detector (corresponding to measuring hadron production at negative rapidity). Nuclear effects are probed through double-differential cross-sections, forward-to-backward cross-section ratios and nuclear modification factors of the beauty hadrons. The double-differential cross-sections are measured as a function of the beauty-hadron transverse momentum and rapidity in the nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass frame. Forward-to-backward cross-section ratios and nuclear modification factors indicate a significant nuclear suppression at positive rapidity. The ratio of $\Lambda_b^0$ over $B^0$ production cross-sections is reported and is consistent with the corresponding measurement in $pp$~collisions.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberAaij:2019lkm
Pages (from-to)052011
JournalPhysical Review D
VolumeD99
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2019

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