Measurement of the nucleon structure function F-2 in the nuclear medium and evaluation of its moments

M. Osipenko, G. Ricco, S. Simula, M. Ripani, M. Taiuti, K. P. Adhikari, M. J. Amaryan, M. Anghinolfi, H. Avakian, H. Baghdasaryan, M. Battaglieri, V. Batourine, I. Bedlinskiy, A. S. Biselli, D. Branford, W. J. Briscoe, W. K. Brooks, V. D. Burkert, S. L. Careccia, D. S. CarmanP. L. Cole, P. Collins, V. Crede, A. D'Angelo, A. Daniel, N. Dashyan, R. De Vita, E. De Sanctis, A. Deur, B. Dey, S. Dhamija, R. Dickson, C. Djalali, D. Doughty, R. Dupre, H. Egiyan, A. El Alaoui, P. Eugenio, S. Fegan, T. A. Forest, A. Fradi, M. Y. Gabrielyan, N. Gevorgyan, G. P. Gilfoyle, K. L. Giovanetti, W. Gohn, R. W. Gothe, K. A. Griffioen, L. Guo, K. Hafidi, H. Hakobyan, C. Hanretty, N. Hassall, D. Heddle, K. Hicks, M. Holtrop, Y. Ilieva, D. G. Ireland, E. L. Isupov, S. S. Jawalkar, H. S. Jo, K. Joo, D. Keller, M. Khandaker, P. Khetarpal, W. Kim, A. Klein, F. J. Klein, V. Kubarovsky, S. E. Kuhn, S. V. Kuleshov, V. Kuznetsov, K. Livingston, H. Y. Lu, D. Martinez, M. Mayer, J. McAndrew, M. E. McCracken, B. McKinnon, C. A. Meyer, M. Mirazita, V. Mokeev, B. Moreno, K. Moriya, B. Morrison, H. Moutarde, E. Munevar, P. Nadel-Turonski, R. Nasseripour, S. Niccolai, I. Niculescu, A. I. Ostrovidov, R. Paremuzyan, K. Park, S. Park, E. Pasyuk, S. Anefalos Pereira, S. Pisano, O. PogoreIko, S. Pozdniakov, J. W. Price, S. Procureur, Y. Prok, D. Protopopescu, B. A. Raue, G. Rosner, P. Rossi, F. Sabatie, M. S. Saini, J. Salamanca, C. Salgado, P. Saracco, R. A. Schumacher, H. Seraydaryan, Y. G. Sharabian, E. S. Smith, D. Sober, D. Sokhan, S. S. Stepanyan, S. Stepanyan, P. Stoler, S. Strauch, D. J. Tedeschi, S. Tkachenko, M. Ungaro, B. Vernarsky, M. F. Vineyard, E. Voutier, D. P. Watts, D. P. Weygand, M. H. Wood, A. Yegneswaran, J. Zhang, B. Zhao

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Abstract

We report on the measurement of inclusive electron scattering off a carbon target performed with CLAS at Jefferson Laboratory. A combination of three different beam energies 1.161, 2.261 and 4.461 GeV allowed us to reach an invariant mass of the final-state hadronic system W approximate to 2.4 GeV with four-momentum transfers Q(2) ranging from 0.2 to 5 (GeV/c)(2). These data, together with previous measurements of the inclusive electron scattering off proton and deuteron, which cover a similar continuous two-dimensional region of Q(2) and Bjorken variable x, permit the study of nuclear modifications of the nucleon structure. By using these, as well as other world data, we evaluated the F-2 structure function and its moments. Using an OPE-based twist expansion, we studied the Q(2)-evolution of the moments, obtaining a separation of the leading-twist and the total higher-twist terms. The carbon-to-deuteron ratio of the leading-twist contributions to the F-2 moments exhibits the well-known EMC effect, compatible with that discovered previously in x-space. The total higher-twist term in the carbon nucleus appears, although with large systematic uncertainties, to be smaller with respect to the deuteron case for n < 7, suggesting partial parton deconfinement in nuclear matter. We speculate that the spatial extension of the nucleon is changed when it is immersed in the nuclear medium. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-32
Number of pages32
JournalNuclear Physics A
Volume845
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2010

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