Measuring relationships between workers in poverty-focused organisations

Ishbel McWha-Hermann *, Malcolm MacLachlan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop and test a measure of relationships and learning within the aid context. Design/methodology/approach: The Aid Relationships Quality Scale (ARQS) was administered to 1,290 local and expatriate workers across six countries in three regions (Africa: Malawi, Uganda; Asia: India, China; Oceania: PNG, Solomon Islands), as part of a larger study exploring remuneration differences. Data were factor-analysed and explored using correlations. Individual and organisational level variance was partialed out in the analyses. Findings: The ARQS showed a stable factor structure and acceptable reliability for each subscale: "relationship with expatriates", "relationship with locals", and "learning from expatriates and locals". Construct validity was examined using a modification of the Multitrait-Multimethod Matrix. For the sample as a whole, and at the individual level, both relationships subscales were positively correlated with each other, job satisfaction, and "learning from expatriates and locals". At the organisational level "relationship with expatriates" correlated positively with pay justice, and international mobility, and negatively with de-motivation, pay comparison and self-assessed ability. "Relationships with locals" correlated positively with self-assessed ability, turnover, and job satisfaction, and negatively with pay justice. The convergent and discriminant correlation patterning is largely in line with theory and thus supports the construct validity of the scale. Originality/value: Relationships between aid workers are integral to the success of development assistance initiatives. This research has developed a new and brief instrument for measuring one aspect of aid relationships - that between expatriate and local workers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-499
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Managerial Psychology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2011

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Aid
  • Development
  • Organisational psychology
  • Poverty
  • Relationships


Dive into the research topics of 'Measuring relationships between workers in poverty-focused organisations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this