Mechanical Characterisation of Pneumatically-Spliced Carbon Fibre Yarns as Reinforcements for Polymer Composites

James R. Davidson*, James A. Quinn, Claudia Rothmann, Ankur Bajpai, Colin Robert, Conchúr M. Ó Brádaigh, Edward D. McCarthy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

An investigation into the mechanical response of pneumatically-spliced carbon fibre yarns as a potential reinforcing material for polymer composites is presented. High strength mechanical connections between carbon fibre yarns are produced by joining short discontinuous tows into longer lengths via fibre entanglement. The effect of altering the number of high-pressure air pulses fired by a commercially available (Airbond 701H) splicing machine, to form the tow-tow connection, on load bearing capacity and linear stiffness is first evaluated on splices between virgin T700SC-24K- 50C carbon fibre tows. The best performing spliced configuration is subsequently utilised in reinforcing unidirectional epoxy laminates, which are mechanically characterised, and their properties compared to those of various continuous fibre and chopped strand mat panels. Results presented in this study demonstrate that pneumatic splicing provides a high strength and sustainable solution for reinforcing polymers with discontinuous (approx. >50mm in length) virgin, off-cut or waste carbon
fibre yarns. It is speculated that with further research, quasi-continuous yarns
remanufactured by splicing waste fibres could provide a novel material for weaving, braiding, non-crimp fabrics, or use in 3D printing applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number110305
JournalMaterials & Design
Early online date7 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Carbon fibres
  • Mechanical testing
  • Pneumatic splicing
  • Waste


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