Mechanical properties of viscoelastic materials subjected to thermal-oxidative aging: an experimental and theoretical study

Qiangqiang Li, Zhao Dong Xu, Ser-Tong Quek, Y Dong, Y Xu, Yong Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Viscoelastic materials (VEMs) made from rubber polymer will inevitably age due to the interactions with the harmful environment during service life, thus reducing the reliability of viscoelastic (VE) damping equipment installed in building structures. In order to understand and be able to predict the degradation of VE damping equipment, it is imperative to comprehensively study the influence of aging on the mechanical properties of VEMs. In this paper, a series of thermal-oxidative (TO) aging tests and mechanical property tests are conducted on our previously developed VEMs to study effects of TO aging on the molecular chain structure and corresponding changes of macroscopic mechanical properties of VEMs. By classifying molecular chains of VEMS into elastic chains and free chains, the effects of different chemical reactions during TO aging on these two main chains and corresponding changes on macroscopic mechanical behaviors of VEMs are analyzed. This facilitates formulating a mathematical model that can characterize the mechanical behavior of TO aging VEMs. In conjunction with the experimental data, the accuracy and applicability of the proposed model are compared and verified. Sensitivity analyses of parameters involved in the proposed model are then performed. The experimental results demonstrate that the TO aging can degrade the deformation capability and harden the modulus of VEMs, which may adversely affect the performance of VE damping devices. The parameter analyses depict that the TO aging affects the macroscopic mechanical behavior of VEMs by altering the relative number and configuration of free chains and elastic chains as well as their respective contributions to the total stress of VEMs. The results point to the high accuracy of the proposed model in representing the strain–stress behavior of VEMs under different aging conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere54667
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number45
Early online date12 Sept 2023
Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 2023

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • mechanical property test
  • microscopic model
  • molecular chain structure
  • thermal-oxidative aging
  • viscoelastic material


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