Medical imaging and facial soft tissue thickness studies for forensic craniofacial approximation: A pilot study on modern Cretans

Chris Somos, Paul Rea, Sheona Shankland, Elena Kranioti

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Abstract

Forensic cases may require craniofacial approximations for unidentifiable victims. The accuracy of these approximations is improved by using population-specific average soft tissue depths. This study used CT scans from 64 Cretan adults (32 male and 32 female) to produce three-dimensional models of each individual’s cranium and skin surface. Using the models, the soft tissue depths were measured at 36 craniofacial landmarks; the means and standard deviations were calculated for the general Cretan population, and for male and female Cretans separately. Cretan facial soft tissue depths were then compared to those of French, Slovak, and Korean adults. 16 of the 36 landmarks exhibited sex differences among Cretans, with males having consistently thicker depths than females. The facial soft tissue depths of Cretan adults also presented significant differences when compared to other populations. Overall, the average soft tissue depths obtained represent the first database for the craniofacial approximation of Cretan (Greek) adults.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiomedical Visualisation
EditorsPaul Rea
PublisherSpringer
Pages71-86
Volume2
ISBN (Electronic)9783030142278
ISBN (Print)9783030142261
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
PublisherSpringer
Volume2

Keywords

  • forensic science
  • forensic anthropology
  • craniofacial approximation
  • facials of ttissue depth
  • computed tomography
  • Cretan adults

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