Melamine-functionalized graphene oxide: Synthesis, characterization and considering as pseudocapacitor electrode material with intermixed POAP polymer

F.B. Ajdari, E. Kowsari, A. Ehsani, L. Chepyga, M. Schirowski, S. Jäger, O. Kasian, F. Hauke, T. Ameri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, Melamine functionalized graphene oxide (FGO-Melamine) was synthesized by chemical route. The prepared functionalized graphene oxide was characterized by different analytical techniques such as FT-IR, Raman spectroscopy, thermogravimetry coupled with mass spectrometry (TG-MS), X-Ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). To improve electrochemical properties of polyorthoaminophenol (POAP), the electropolymerized POAP/FGO-Melamine films, employed as an active electrode regarding electrochemical performance. In terms of electrochemical measurements, galvanostatic charge–discharge evaluation, EIS (electrochemical impedance spectroscopy) and CV (cyclic voltammetry) were employed for conducting an enquiry into supercapacitive performance of nanocomposite of POAP/FGO-Melamine. This graphene-based electrode showed a specific capacitance (SC) by 273 F g −1 and high energy of 37.91 W kg −1 at power density of 500 W kg −1 . The novel materials synthesized in the current work show higher efficiency compared to the carbon-based ones concerning redox reactions of capacitors consisting of good stability in the existence of aqueous electrolyte, large active surface area and ease synthesis method. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)874-883
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume459
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Capacitance
  • Characterization
  • Cyclic voltammetry
  • Electric discharges
  • Electrochemical electrodes
  • Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • Electrolytes
  • Enamels
  • Field emission microscopes
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Redox reactions
  • Scanning electron microscopy
  • Supercapacitor
  • Synthesis (chemical)
  • Thermogravimetric analysis
  • X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
  • Active surface area
  • Aqueous electrolyte
  • Electrochemical measurements
  • Electrochemical performance
  • Field emission scanning electron microscopy
  • Functionalized graphene
  • Galvanostatic charges
  • Specific capacitance
  • Graphene

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