Chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain is a debilitating and common side effect of cancer treatment. Mitochondrial dysfunction associated with oxidative stress in peripheral nerves has been implicated in the underlying mechanism. We investigated the potential of melatonin, a potent antioxidant that preferentially acts within mitochondria, to reduce mitochondrial damage and neuropathic pain resulting from the chemotherapeutic drug paclitaxel. In vitro, paclitaxel caused a 50% reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential and metabolic rate, independent of concentration (20-100μM). Mitochondrial volume was increased dose-dependently by paclitaxel (200% increase at 100μM). These effects were prevented by co-treatment with 1μM melatonin. Paclitaxel cytotoxicity against cancer cells was not affected by co-exposure to 1μM melatonin of either the breast cancer cell line MCF-7, or the ovarian carcinoma cell line A2780. In a rat model of paclitaxel-induced painful peripheral neuropathy, pre-treatment with oral melatonin (5/10/50mg/kg), given as a daily bolus dose, was protective, dose-dependently limiting development of mechanical hypersensitivity (19/43/47% difference from paclitaxel control, respectively). Melatonin (10mg/kg/day) was similarly effective when administered continuously in drinking water (39% difference). Melatonin also reduced paclitaxel-induced elevated 8-isoprostane F2 α levels in peripheral nerves (by 22% in sciatic; 41% in saphenous) and limited paclitaxel-induced reduction of C fibre activity-dependent slowing (by 64%). Notably melatonin limited the development of mechanical hypersensitivity in both male and female animals (by 50/41%, respectively) and an additive effect was found when melatonin was given with the current treatment, duloxetine (75/62% difference, respectively). Melatonin is therefore a potential treatment to limit the development of painful neuropathy resulting from chemotherapy treatment. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Journal of pineal research|
|Early online date||22 Aug 2017|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2017|
- neuropathic pain
- oxidative stress
- INDUCED PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY
- TEMPORAL-LOBE EPILEPSY
- OXIDATIVE STRESS
- NEURONAL DAMAGE
- KAINATE MODEL
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