Melt inclusions in olivines from early Iceland plume picrites support high He-3/He-4 in both enriched and depleted mantle

Natalie A. Starkey, J. Godfrey Fitton, Finlay M. Stuart, Lotte M. Larsen

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High He-3/He-4 ratios (up to 50 R-a) are present in near-primary picrite flows from Baffin Island and West Greenland (BIWG) that span a range of compositions from depleted to relatively enriched in incompatible trace elements [Starkey, N.A., Stuart, F.M., Ellam, R.M., Fitton, J.G., Basu, S., Larsen, L.M., 2009. Helium isotopes in early Iceland plume picrites: constraints on the composition of high He-3/He-4 mantle. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 277,91-100]. This association has put into question the prevailing models in which high He-3/He-4 resides in either unprocessed, undegassed mantle or in depleted residues of melting. Whereas helium isotopes are measured in gas extracted from melt inclusions, radiogenic isotopes and incompatible trace elements are measured in whole-rock powders. The possibility exists, therefore, that some helium-rich melts could be sampled in melt volumes that are too small to affect the bulk lithophile element composition of an erupted magma but which are rich enough in helium to dominate its helium-isotope composition. In this case high He-3/He-4 would appear to reside in a range of mantle compositions.

We have tested this possibility by analysis of major and trace elements in olivine-hosted melt inclusions in high-He-3/He-4 BIWG picrites. We find no evidence for the existence of depleted melt inclusions in the enriched picrites, or enriched inclusions in the depleted picrites. REE profiles of melt inclusions in individual samples are parallel to each other and to that of their respective whole-rock. These data support the conclusion that high He-3/He-4 is present in a wide range of mantle source compositions. No model in which the BIWG picrites originate in a discrete, high-He-3/He-4 mantle source can account for these new data. We propose that the primordial He in the early Iceland plume picrites must originate in a separate reservoir that has a sufficiently high helium concentration to allow it to impose its high He-3/He-4 equally on the enriched and depleted mantle sources of the BIWG picrites. Crown Copyright (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-62
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Geology
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2012


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