Meta-analysis of ischaemic preconditioning for liver resections

S O'Neill, S Leuschner, S J McNally, O J Garden, S J Wigmore, E M Harrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Vascular clamping reduces blood loss during liver resection but leads to ischaemia-reperfusion injury. Ischaemic preconditioning (IP) may reduce this. This study aimed to evaluate IP in liver resection under clamping.
Methods: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating IP in adults undergoing liver resection under either continuous clamping (CC) or intermittent clamping (IC). Primary outcomes were mortality, liver failure and morbidity. Secondary outcomes included duration of operation, blood loss, length of hospital stay, length of intensive therapy unit stay, transfusion requirements, prothrombin time, and bilirubin and aminotransferase levels. Weighted mean differences were calculated for continuous data, and pooled odds ratios (ORs) for dichotomous data. Results were produced with a random-effects model with 95 per cent confidence intervals (c.i.).

Results: A total of 2960 records were identified and 11 RCTs included 669 patients (IP 331, control 338). No significant difference in mortality (6 RCTs; IP 186, control 190; OR 1.36, 95 per cent c.i. 0.13 to 13.68; P = 0.80) or morbidity (6 RCTs; IP 186, control 190; OR 0.58, 0.31 to 1.07; P = 0.08) was found for IP plus CCversusCC. Nor was there a significant difference in mortality (4 RCTs; IP 122, control 121; OR 1.33, 0.24 to 7.32; P = 0.74) or morbidity (4 RCTs; IP 122, control 121; OR 0.87, 0.52 to 1.47; P = 0.61) for IP plus (CC or IC) versusIC. No significant differences were found for secondary outcome measures.

Conclusion: This meta-analysis failed to find a significant benefit of IP in liver resection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1689-700
Number of pages12
JournalBritish Journal of Surgery
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013


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