Metabolic inflexibility in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review.

Michael Rimmer, Bee K Tan, Helena Teede, Shakila Thangaratinam, Bassel H Al Wattar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a risk factor for dysglycemia, insulin resistance, and type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Inefficient energy oxidation, metabolic inflexibility, is a marker of blunted metabolism. We conducted a systematic review on metabolic inflexibility in women with PCOS. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane central (inception-October 2018) for studies evaluating metabolic inflexibility and reporting on changes in Respiratory Quotient (ΔRQ). We extracted data and assessed quality using The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. We included five prospective cohort studies (461 women). Three compared PCOS women to unaffected subjects, one to women with obesity or T2DM, and one to adolescent girls; all had medium quality. Three studies showed higher metabolic inflexibility in women with PCOS (ΔRQ range 0.05-0.098) compared to unaffected subjects. Women with PCOS had similar metabolic inflexibility compared to those with T2DM (ΔRQ 0.05 ± 0.03 vs 0.06 ± 0.04, p = .98) and obesity (p = .06). Inflexibility was higher in hyperandrogenemic women with PCOS (ΔRQ 0.091 ± 0.060 vs 0.120 ± 0.010, p = .014). ΔRQ was lower in PCOS women with insulin resistance vs those with normal insulin sensitivity (0.04 ± 0.02 vs. 0.07 ± 0.04, p = .007). In conclusion, women with polycystic ovary syndrome appear to have higher metabolic inflexibility associated with hyperandrogenemia and insulin resistance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalGynecological endocrinology
Early online date3 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Dec 2019

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