Metal enrichment of the intra-cluster medium over a Hubble time for merging and relaxed galaxy clusters

W. Kapferer, T. Kronberger, J. Weratschnig, S. Schindler, W. Domainko, E. van Kampen, S. Kimeswenger, M. Mair, M. Ruffert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigate the efficiency of galactic mass loss, triggered by ram-pressure stripping and galactic winds of cluster galaxies, on the chemical enrichment of the intra-cluster medium (ICM). We combine N-body and hydrodynamic simulations with a semi-numerical galaxy formation model. By including simultaneously different enrichment processes, namely ram-pressure stripping and galactic winds, in galaxy-cluster simulations, we are able to reproduce the observed metal distribution in the ICM. We find that the mass loss by galactic winds in the redshift regime z > 2 is similar to 10% to 20% of the total galactic wind mass loss, whereas the mass loss by ram-pressure stripping in the same epoch is up to 5% of the total ram-pressure stripping mass loss over the whole simulation time. In the cluster formation epochs z < 2 ram-pressure stripping becomes more dominant than galactic winds. We discuss the non-correlation between the evolution of the mean metallicity of galaxy clusters and the galactic mass losses. For comparison with observations we present two dimensional maps of the ICM quantities and radial metallicity profiles. The shape of the observed profiles is well reproduced by the simulations in the case of merging systems. In the case of cool-core clusters the slope of the observed profiles are reproduced by the simulation at radii below similar to 300 kpc, whereas at larger radii the observed profiles are shallower. We confirm the inhomogeneous metal distribution in the ICM found in observations. To study the robustness of our results, we investigate two different descriptions for the enrichment process interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)813-821
Number of pages9
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Volume466
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2007

Keywords

  • hydrodynamics
  • methods : numerical
  • Galaxy : abundances
  • galaxies : interactions
  • galaxies : intergalactic medium
  • galaxies : evolution
  • XMM-NEWTON OBSERVATION
  • DRIVEN GALACTIC WINDS
  • VIRGO CLUSTER
  • RAM-PRESSURE
  • INTRACLUSTER MEDIUM
  • STAR-FORMATION
  • TEMPERATURE PROFILES
  • INTERGALACTIC MEDIUM
  • CHANDRA TEMPERATURE
  • MULTIPHASE MODEL

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