Metamagnetism and soliton excitations in the modulated ferromagnetic Ising chain CoV2O6

Simon A. J. Kimber, Hannu Mutka, Tapan Chatterji, Tommy Hofmann, Paul. F. Henry, Heloisa N. Bordallo, Dimitri N. Argyriou, J. Paul Attfield

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We report a combination of physical property and neutron scattering measurements for polycrystalline samples of the one-dimensional spin-chain compound CoV2O6. Heat capacity measurements show that an effective S=1/2 state is found at low temperatures and that magnetic fluctuations persist up to ∼6NT. Above NT=6.3 K, measurements of the magnetic susceptibility as a function of T and H show that the nearest-neighbor exchange is ferromagnetic. In the ordered state, we have discovered a crossover from a metamagnet with strong fluctuations between 5 K and NT to a state with a 1/3 magnetization plateau at 2<T<5 K. We use neutron powder diffraction measurements to show that the antiferromagnetic state has incommensurate long-range order and inelastic time-of-flight neutron scattering to examine the magnetic fluctuations as a function of temperature. Above TN, we find two broad bands between 3.5 and 5 meV and thermally activated low-energy features which correspond to transitions within these bands. These features show that the excitations are deconfined solitons rather than the static spin reversals predicted for a uniform ferromagnetic Ising spin chain. Below TN, we find a ladder of states due to the confining effect of the internal field. A region of weak confinement below TN, but above 5 K, is identified which may correspond to a crossover between two- and three-dimensional magnetic ordering.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104425
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number10
Early online date15 Nov 2011
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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