Method of levels: Initial steps in assessing adherence and the development of a qualitative framework for mapping clients’ control hierarchies

Timothy Bird, Warren Mansell, Sara Tai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Method of Levels (MOL) is a form of cognitive therapy based on Perceptual Control Theory (PCT). This paper presents the initial steps towards four methods of establishing the validity of MOL. First, the session was rated by two independent experts for its adherence to MOL using a newly developed 6-item scale based on the Cognitive Therapy Rating Scale. Second, each therapist utterance within a session of MOL was coded and categorized in terms of the therapist's goal to test for adherence to the two specified goals of MOL. Third, a macroanalysis of a MOL session utilizing interpretative phenomenological analysis hypothesized the control hierarchies involved in a client's presenting problem and their zones of conflict. Fourth, a microanalysis of a brief interchange between the therapist and client explored its adherence to PCT. These methods of establishing validity are introduced and explored for later use in larger scale studies. The limitations of the present study and suggestions for future research are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-166
Number of pages22
JournalThe Cognitive Behaviour Therapist
Volume2
Issue number3
Early online date24 Sep 2009
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Sep 2009

Keywords

  • common factors
  • control
  • formulation
  • qualitative methods
  • therapist competence

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