Sinusoidal vocoders can generate high quality speech, but they have not been extensively applied to statistical parametric speech synthesis. This paper presents two ways for using dynamic sinusoidal models for statistical speech synthesis, enabling the sinusoid parameters to be modelled in HMM-based synthesis. In the first method, features extracted from a fixed- and low-dimensional, perception-based dynamic sinusoidal model (PDM) are statistically modelled directly. In the second method, we convert both static amplitude and dynamic slope from all the harmonics of a signal, which we term the Harmonic Dynamic Model (HDM), to intermediate parameters (regularised cepstral coefficients) for modelling. During synthesis, HDM is then used to reconstruct speech. We have compared the voice quality of these two methods to the STRAIGHT cepstrum-based vocoder with mixed excitation in formal listening tests. Our results show that HDM with intermediate parameters can generate comparable quality as STRAIGHT, while PDM direct modelling seems promising in terms of producing good speech quality without resorting to intermediate parameters such as cepstra.
|Title of host publication||Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), 2015 IEEE International Conference on|
|Publisher||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|