mGluR5 Regulates Glutamate-Dependent Development of the Mouse Somatosensory Cortex

L. S. Wijetunge, S. M. Till, T. H. Gillingwater, C. A. Ingham, P. C. Kind

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have previously reported that mGluR5 signaling via PLC-beta 1 regulates the development of whisker patterns within S1 (barrel) cortex of mice (Hannan et al., 2001). However, whether these defects arise from the loss of postsynaptic mGluR5 signaling, and whether the level of mGluR5 is important for barrel formation, was not examined. Furthermore, whether mGluR5 regulates other developmental processes that occur before or after barrel development is not known. We now show that mGluR5 is present postsynaptically at thalamocortical synapses during barrel formation. In addition, Mglur5(+/-) mice exhibit normal TCA patch formation but reduced cellular segregation in layer 4, indicating a dose-dependent role for mGluR5 in the regulation of pattern formation. Furthermore Mglur5(-/-) and Mglur5(+/-) mice display normal cortical arealization, layer formation, and size of PMBSF indicating the defects within S1 do not result from general abnormalities of cortical mapping during earlier stages of development. At P21 layer 4 neurons from Mglur5(-/-) and Mglur5(+/-) mice show a significant reduction in spine density but normal dendritic complexity compared with Mglur5(-/-) mice indicating a role in synaptogenesis during cortical development. Finally, mGluR5 regulates pattern formation throughout the trigeminal system of mice as the representation of the AS whiskers in the PrV, VpM, and S1 cortex was disrupted in Mglur5(-/-) mice. Together these data indicate a key role for mGluR5 at both early and late stages of neuronal development in the trigeminal system of mice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13028-13037
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume28
Issue number49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008

Keywords

  • mGluR5
  • barrel
  • development
  • dendritic spine
  • thalamocortical afferent
  • somatosensory cortex

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