Microenvironmental regulation of metastasis

Johanna A. Joyce, Jeffrey W. Pollard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Metastasis is a multistage process that requires cancer cells to escape from the primary tumour, survive in the circulation, seed at distant sites and grow. Each of these processes involves rate-limiting steps that are influenced by non-malignant cells of the tumour microenvironment. Many of these cells are derived from the bone marrow, particularly the myeloid lineage, and are recruited by cancer cells to enhance their survival, growth, invasion and dissemination. This Review describes experimental data demonstrating the role of the microenvironment in metastasis, identifies areas for future research and suggests possible new therapeutic avenues.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-252
JournalNature Reviews Cancer
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2009


Dive into the research topics of 'Microenvironmental regulation of metastasis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this