Activity-dependent synaptic plasticity involves rapid regulation of neuronal protein synthesis on a time-scale of minutes. miRNA function in synaptic plasticity and memory formation has been elucidated by stable experimental manipulation of miRNA expression and activity using transgenic approaches and viral vectors. However, the impact of rapid miRNA modulation on synaptic efficacy is unknown. Here, we examined the effect of acute (12 min), intrahippocampal infusion of a miR-34a antagonist (antimiR) on medial perforant path-evoked synaptic transmission in the dentate gyrus of adult anesthetised rats. AntimiR-34a infusion acutely depressed medial perforant path-evoked field excitatory post-synaptic potentials (fEPSPs). The fEPSP decrease was detected within 9 min of infusion, lasted for hours, and was associated with knockdown of antimiR-34a levels. AntimiR-34a-induced synaptic depression was sequence-specific; no changes were elicited by infusion of scrambled or mismatch control. The rapid modulation suggests that a target, or set of targets, is regulated by miR-34a. Western blot analysis of dentate gyrus lysates revealed enhanced expression of Arc, a known miR-34a target, and four novel predicted targets (Ctip2, PKI-1α, TCF4 and Ube2g1). Remarkably, antimiR-34a had no effect when infused during the maintenance phase of long-term potentiation. We conclude that miR-34a regulates basal synaptic efficacy in the adult dentate gyrus in vivo. To our knowledge, these in vivo findings are the first to demonstrate acute (< 9 min) regulation of synaptic efficacy in the adult brain by a miRNA.
|Number of pages||14|
|Early online date||21 Nov 2019|
|Publication status||Published - 31 Mar 2020|
- Gene expression
- Protein synthesis
- Synaptic plasticity
- Synaptic efficacy