MICROSATELLITE DNA VARIATION WITHIN AND AMONG EUROPEAN CATTLE BREEDS

DE MACHUGH*, RT LOFTUS, DG BRADLEY, Paul M. Sharp, P CUNNINGHAM

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Microsatellite markers offer great potential for genetic comparisons within and between populations. We report the analysis of 12 microsatellite loci in six breeds of European cattle. This yielded a wide spectrum of variability with observed heterozygosities ranging from 0.00 to 0.91. Deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were noted for some locus-population combinations, particularly at a microsatellite located within the prolactin gene. Also, significant linkage disequilibrium was detected between two microsatellite loci located within the bovine major histocompatibility complex, and this association was maintained across breeds, providing evidence for marker stability during short-term evolution. The mode of mutation was investigated by comparing the observed data with that expected under the infinite alleles model of neutral mutation, and six of the microsatellite loci were found to deviate significantly, suggesting that a stepwise mutation model may be more appropriate. One indication of marker utility is that, when genetic distance estimates were computed, the resultant dendrogram showed concordance with known breed histories.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-31
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences
Volume256
Issue number1345
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 1994

Keywords

  • GENE
  • BOVINE PROLACTIN
  • HYBRIDIZATION
  • POLYMORPHISM
  • TANDEM REPEAT LOCI
  • EVOLUTION
  • PCR

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