MIKiS: The Multi-instrument Kinematic Survey of Galactic Globular Clusters. I. Velocity Dispersion Profiles and Rotation Signals of 11 Globular Clusters

F. R. Ferraro, A. Mucciarelli, B. Lanzoni, C. Pallanca, E. Lapenna, L. Origlia, E. Dalessandro, E. Valenti, G. Beccari, M. Bellazzini, E. Vesperini, A. Varri, A. Sollima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present the first results of the Multi-Instrument Kinematic Survey of Galactic Globular Clusters (GGCs), a project aimed at exploring the internal kinematics of a representative sample of GGCs from the radial velocity of individual stars, covering the entire radial extension of each system. This is achieved by exploiting the formidable combination of multi-object and integral field unit spectroscopic facilities of the ESO Very Large Telescope. As a first step, here we discuss the results obtained for 11 clusters from high and medium resolution spectra acquired through a combination of FLAMES and KMOS observations. We provide the first kinematical characterization of NGC 1261 and NGC 6496. In all the surveyed systems, the velocity dispersion profile declines at increasing radii, in agreement with the expectation from the King model that best fits the density/luminosity profile. In the majority of the surveyed systems, we find evidence of rotation within a few half-mass radii from the center. These results are in general overall agreement with the predictions of recent theoretical studies, suggesting that the detected signals could be the relic of significant internal rotation set at the epoch of the cluster’s formation. Based on FLAMES and KMOS observations performed at the European Southern Observatory as part of the Large Programme 193.D-0232 (PI: Ferraro).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume860
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • globular clusters: general
  • stars: kinematics and dynamics
  • techniques: spectroscopic

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