miR-128 regulates neuronal migration, outgrowth and intrinsic excitability via the intellectual disability gene Phf6

Eleonora Franzoni, Sam A Booker, Srinivas Parthasarathy, Frederick Rehfeld, Sabine Grosser, Swathi Srivatsa, Heiko R Fuchs, Victor Tarabykin, Imre Vida, F Gregory Wulczyn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

miR-128, a brain-enriched microRNA, has been implicated in the control of neurogenesis and synaptogenesis but its potential roles in intervening processes have not been addressed. We show that post-transcriptional mechanisms restrict miR-128 accumulation to post-mitotic neurons during mouse corticogenesis and in adult stem cell niches. Whereas premature miR-128 expression in progenitors for upper layer neurons leads to impaired neuronal migration and inappropriate branching, sponge-mediated inhibition results in overmigration. Within the upper layers, premature miR-128 expression reduces the complexity of dendritic arborization, associated with altered electrophysiological properties. We show that Phf6, a gene mutated in the cognitive disorder Börjeson-Forssman-Lehmann syndrome, is an important regulatory target for miR-128. Restoring PHF6 expression counteracts the deleterious effect of miR-128 on neuronal migration, outgrowth and intrinsic physiological properties. Our results place miR-128 upstream of PHF6 in a pathway vital for cortical lamination as well as for the development of neuronal morphology and intrinsic excitability.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere04263
Number of pages23
JournaleLIFE
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jan 2015

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