Mixed Integer Linear Programming and Heuristic Methods for Feature Selection in Clustering

Stefano Benati, Sergio Garcia Quiles, J. Puerto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper studies the problem of selecting relevant features in clustering problems, out of a data set in which many features are useless, or masking. The
data set comprises a set U of units, a set V of features, a set R of (tentative)
cluster centres and distances dijk for every i ∈ U, k ∈ R, j ∈ V . The feature
selection problem consists of finding a subset of features Q ⊆ V such that the
total sum of the distances from the units to the closest centre is minimized. This
is a combinatorial optimization problem that we show to be NP-complete, and
we propose two mixed integer linear programming formulations to calculate the
solution. Some computational experiments show that if clusters are well separated and the relevant features are easy to detect, then both formulations can solve problems with many integer variables. Conversely, if clusters overlap and relevant features are ambiguous, then even small problems are unsolved. To
overcome this difficulty, we propose two heuristic methods to find that, most
of the time, one of them, called q-vars, calculates the optimal solution quickly.
Then, the q-vars heuristic is combined with the k-means algorithm to cluster
some simulated data. We conclude that this approach outperforms other methods for clustering with variable selection that were proposed in the literature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1379-1395
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of the Operational Research Society
Volume69
Issue number9
Early online date5 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

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