Mixed Molecular and Atomic Phase of Dense Hydrogen

Ross T. Howie, Christophe L. Guillaume, Thomas Scheler, Alexander F. Goncharov, Eugene Gregoryanz

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We used Raman and visible transmission spectroscopy to investigate dense hydrogen (deuterium) up to 315 (275) GPa at 300 K. At around 200 GPa, we observe the phase transformation, which we attribute to phase III, previously observed only at low temperatures. This is succeeded at 220 GPa by a reversible transformation to a new phase, IV, characterized by the simultaneous appearance of the second vibrational fundamental and newlow-frequency phonon excitations and a dramatic softening and broadening of the first vibrational fundamental mode. The optical transmission spectra of phase IV show an overall increase of absorption and a closing band gap which reaches 1.8 eVat 315 GPa. Analysis of the Raman spectra suggests that phase IV is a mixture of graphenelike layers, consisting of elongated H-2 dimers experiencing large pairing fluctuations, and unbound H-2 molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125501
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2012

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