Mobilization of predominantly Philadelphia chromosome-negative blood progenitors using cyclophosphamide and rHUG-CSF in early chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukaemia: correlation with Sokal prognostic index and haematological control

T P Hughes, A Grigg, J Szer, J Ho, D Ma, B M Dale, R M Green, J E Norman, R E Sage, R Herrmann, P Cannell, A P Schwarer, K Taylor, K Atkinson, C Arthur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Mobilization of Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) negative blood progenitors was attempted in 23 newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients using a regimen of cyclophosphamide (CY) 5 g/m2 and rHUG-CSF 150 microg/m2 daily. This regimen was well tolerated with no major adverse events reported. More than 2 x 10(6)/kg CD34+ cells were collected in 21 patients (91%). Predominantly Ph-negative mobilization (0-25% Ph-positive) was seen in 30% of cases overall and was confined to patients with a Sokal prognostic score <1 (7/11 with Sokal score or = 1). Within the low Sokal index group, a low WBC count pre-mobilization and a low WBC nadir both correlated strongly with Ph-negative mobilization (P = 0.006 and 0.02 respectively). Five of 19 patients receiving at least 6 months of Roferon A therapy post mobilization achieved a major cytogenetic response; all five patients were Ph-negative mobilizers. Therefore CML patients can be divided into a good-prognosis group in whom predominantly Ph-negative progenitors can be mobilized using a regimen of moderate intensity if haematological control is achieved pre-mobilization, and a poor-prognosis group for whom predominantly Ph-positive cells are mobilized with this regimen regardless of haematological control.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-40
Number of pages6
JournalBritish journal of haematology
Volume96
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

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