Model Criticism in Latent Space

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Model criticism is usually carried out by assessing if replicated data generated under the fitted model looks similar to the observed data, see e.g. Gelman, Carlin, Stern, and Rubin (2004, p. 165). This paper presents a method for latent variable models by pulling back the data into the space of latent variables, and carrying out model criticism in that space. Making use of a model’s structure enables a more direct assessment of the assumptions made in the prior and likelihood. We demonstrate the method with examples of model criticism in latent space applied to factor analysis, linear dynamical systems and Gaussian processes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703-725
Number of pages23
JournalBayesian analysis
Issue number3
Early online date26 Sep 2018
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jun 2019


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