We consider a lattice gas with quenched impurities or "quenched-annealed binary mixture" on the Bethe lattice. The quenched part represents a porous matrix in which the (annealed) lattice gas resides. This model features the three main factors of fluids in random porous media: wetting, randomness, and confinement. The recursive character of the Bethe lattice enables an exact treatment, whose key ingredient is an integral equation yielding the one-particle effective field distribution. Our analysis shows that this distribution consists of two essentially different parts. The first one is a continuous spectrum and corresponds to the macroscopic volume accessible to the fluid, the second is discrete and comes from finite closed cavities in the porous medium. Those closed cavities are in equilibrium with the bulk fluid within the grand canonical ensemble we use, but are inaccessible in real experimental situations. Fortunately, we are able to isolate their contributions. Separation of the discrete spectrum facilitates also the numerical solution of the main equation. The numerical calculations show that the continuous spectrum becomes more and more rough as the temperature decreases, and this limits the accuracy of the solution at low temperatures.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Physical Review E|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2003|