Via exploitation of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs), columnar thin films (CTFs) are attractive potential platforms for optical sensing as their relative permittivity dyadic and porosity can be tailored to order. Nanoscale model parameters of a CTF were determined from its measured relative permittivity dyadic, after inverting the Bruggeman homogenization formalism. These model parameters were then used to determine the relative permittivity dyadic of a fluid-infiltrated CTF. Two boundary-value problems were next solved: the first relating to SPP-wave propagation guided by the planar interface of a semi-infinitely thick metal and a semi-infinitely thick CTF, and the second to the plane-wave response of the planar interface of a finitely thick metallic layer and a CTF in a modified Kretschmann configuration. Numerical studies revealed that SPP waves propagate at a lower phase speed and with a shorter propagation length, if the fluid has a larger refractive index. Furthermore, the angle of incidence required to excite an SPP wave in a modified Kretschmann configuration increases as the refractive index of the fluid increases.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2010|
- Bruggeman homogenization formalism
- Surface plasmon polariton
- Columnar thin film
- ATTENUATED TOTAL-REFLECTION