Modelling Blood Flow and Metabolism in the Preclinical Neonatal Brain during and Following Hypoxic-Ischaemia

Matthew Caldwell, Tracy Moroz, Tharindi Hapuarachchi, Alan Bainbridge, Nicola J Robertson, Chris E Cooper, Ilias Tachtsidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hypoxia-ischaemia (HI) is a major cause of neonatal brain injury, often leading to long-term damage or death. In order to improve understanding and test new treatments, piglets are used as preclinical models for human neonates. We have extended an earlier computational model of piglet cerebral physiology for application to multimodal experimental data recorded during episodes of induced HI. The data include monitoring with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), and the model simulates the circulatory and metabolic processes that give rise to the measured signals. Model extensions include simulation of the carotid arterial occlusion used to induce HI, inclusion of cytoplasmic pH, and loss of metabolic function due to cell death. Model behaviour is compared to data from two piglets, one of which recovered following HI while the other did not. Behaviourally-important model parameters are identified via sensitivity analysis, and these are optimised to simulate the experimental data. For the non-recovering piglet, we investigate several state changes that might explain why some MRS and NIRS signals do not return to their baseline values following the HI insult. We discover that the model can explain this failure better when we include, among other factors such as mitochondrial uncoupling and poor cerebral blood flow restoration, the death of around 40% of the brain tissue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e0140171
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Brain/blood supply
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation
  • Computer Simulation
  • Humans
  • Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/metabolism
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Models, Biological
  • Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared
  • Swine

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