Molecular Basis for Cdk1 Regulated Timing of Mis18 Complex Assembly and CENP-A Deposition

Frances Spiller, Bethan Medina-Pritchard, Maria Alba Abad, Martin Wear, Oscar Molina, William Earnshaw, Arockia Arulanandam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The centromere, a chromosomal locus that acts as a microtubule attachment site, is epigenetically specified by the enrichment of CENP-A nucleosomes. Centromere maintenance during the cell cycle requires HJURP mediated CENP-A deposition, a process regulated by the Mis18 complex (Mis18α/Mis18β/Mis18BP1). Spatial and temporal regulation of the Mis18 complex assembly is crucial for its centromere association and function. Here, we provide the molecular basis for the assembly and regulation of the Mis18 complex. We show that the N-terminal region of Mis18BP1 spanning amino acid residues 20-130 directly interacts with Mis18α/β to form the Mis18 complex. Within Mis18α/β, Mis18α MeDiY domain can directly interact with Mis18BP1. Mis18α/β forms a hetero-hexamer with 4 Mis18α and 2 Mis18β. However, only 2 copies of Mis18BP1 interact with Mis18α/β to form a hetero-octameric assembly, highlighting the role of Mis18 oligomerization in limiting the number of Mis18BP1 within the Mis18 complex. Furthermore, we demonstrate the involvement of consensus Cdk1 phosphorylation sites on Mis18 complex assembly and thus provide a rationale for cell cycle-regulated timing of Mis18 assembly and CENP-A deposition.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere201643564
JournalEMBO Reports
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2017


  • Cdk1
  • CENP-A deposition
  • Centromere
  • Mis18 complex

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