Molecular cloning and tissue distribution of a short form chicken leptin receptor mRNA

Xiaojun Liu*, I. C. Dunn, P. J. Sharp, T. Boswell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

In mammals, alternative splicing of the leptin receptor (LEPR) produces several C-terminal truncated isoforms that are believed to play a role in the transport, cellular internalisation and degradation of the hormone leptin. The chicken leptin receptor (chLEPR) is similar to its mammalian counterparts in terms of its intron/exon structure and conserved motifs. However, it is unknown whether the chLEPR also undergoes alternative splicing. To test this, structural analysis of intron 19 of the chLEPR, equivalent to the intron in which alternative splicing occurs in mammals, was combined with 3′-rapid amplification of cDNA ends (3′-RACE) to search for chLEPR splice variants. A 44-amino acid alternative exon 20 was identified that is spliced to generate a short isoform of the chLEPR (chLEPR-SF). Comparative sequence analysis of intron 19 identified two regions that are highly conserved between the chicken and mammals, indicating their possible importance as intronic elements in the regulation of alternative splicing of the LEPR in vertebrates. Tissue expression of the chLEPR-SF was lower and more restricted than that of the chLEPR long isoform. Collectively these data demonstrate that the chLEPR is alternatively spliced to produce at least one short isoform, as is the case in mammals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-166
Number of pages12
JournalDomestic Animal Endocrinology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2007

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Alterative splicing
  • Birds
  • Gene expression
  • LEPR
  • OB-R


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