Monoclonal antibodies in the cytodiagnosis of serous effusions

A al-Nafussi, P J Carder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In order to assess the value of immunocytochemical staining as a method of discriminating between benign reactive mesothelial cells and malignant epithelial cells in serous effusions, we have studied the reactions of a panel of commercially available antibodies on cells harvested from 83 pleural and peritoneal fluids and compared the results with the clinical and cytological diagnoses. The antibodies used were raised against cytokeratin (PKK1), epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA), pregnancy specific B1-glycoprotein (SP1) and leucocyte common antigen (LCA). Anti-CEA was positive in 16 of 39 effusions (41%) containing carcinoma cells. Pregnancy specific B1-glycoprotein (SP1) was positive in 33% of the same samples. Mesothelial cells did not stain with these antibodies. Thus anti-CEA and SP1 can be used to discriminate between benign mesothelial and malignant epithelial cells in effusions. Anti-PKK1 stained both benign reactive mesothelial cells and malignant epithelial cells and cannot be used to discriminate between these two cell types. Strong positive staining of malignant cells was noted with anti-EMA. However, as occasional weak staining of mesothelial cells was also noted, strong staining with this antibody may be regarded as suspicious but not conclusive of malignancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-28
Number of pages10
JournalCytopathology
Volume1
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1990

Keywords

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Neoplasm
  • Ascitic Fluid
  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen
  • Cytodiagnosis
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Keratins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Mucin-1
  • Pleural Effusion
  • Pleural Effusion, Malignant

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