Morpho-Biometric Evaluation of the Genetic Diversity of Local Chicken Ecotypes in Four Regions (Centre-East, Sahel, Centre-North and South-West) of Burkina Faso

Yacouba Zare , Isidore Gnanda, Isidore Houaga, Michel Kere, Boureima Traore , Moussa Zongo , Samuel Bamouni , Apollinaire Traore, Mahamoudou Zangre , Romdhane Rekaya , Joseph Nianogo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Objective: Local chickens in Burkina Faso play a crucial role in income generation and food security, especially to the rural
community and the most vulnerable groups. Genetic and phenotypic characterization of these local chicken ecotypes is sketchy. The objective
of this study was to determine the morpho-biometric characteristics of local chicken “Konde” from the Centre-East and local ecotypes in the Sahel,
Centre-North and South-West regions of Burkina Faso. Materials and Methods: A total of 1179 adult local chickens at six months of age were
used for the study and sampled as followed: 406, 352, 285 and 136 chickens respectively from South-West, Centre-North, Sahel and Centre-East
region. Results: The mean body weight of chicken was 1204.80±344.9 g and significantly affected by region and sex (p<0.05). Konde
Chickens (1651.85±378.57g) were heavier than those of the birds from the Centre-North (1163.66±259.39 g) and South-West regions
(1217.92±322.31 g), which did not differ from each other but they were heavier than those of the birds from Sahel region (1023.59±250.99 g).
For all ecotypes, males were significantly heavier (Konde = 2006.27±412.17 g; Centre-North = 1301.28±269.90 g; Sahel = 1123.82±294.22 g;
South-West = 1470.35±349.62 g) compared to female (Konde = 1498.89±234.74 g; Centre-North = 1080.08±213.67 g;
South-West = 1096,31±223,17 g; Sahel = 956.77±190.98 g). The multivariate analysis revealed three types of (03) populations: large heavy
chickens (1976±273 g), medium chickens (1296±163 kg) and small light chicken (909±119 kg). Dominant plumages were white (15.86%),
partridge (11.96%), multicolors (11.79%) and hermine (10.09%). Naked neck, curly plumage, yellow legs, crested and rose comb mutations were
identified in the studied ecotypes. Conclusion: Data from this study shows sufficient phenotypic variability in moderately heritable traits
supporting the possibility for genetic improvement of local chicken ecotypes in Burkina Faso.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-242
JournalInternational Journal of Poultry Science
Volume20
Issue number6
Early online date26 Oct 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Body weight, chicken Konde, morpho-biometrics, Burkina Faso

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