Motherhood Timing and the Child Penalty: Bounding the Returns to Delay

Research output: Working paper

Abstract / Description of output

We use administrative data from Austria to analyze labor market returns to delaying motherhood. We exploit delays due to pregnancy loss to provide bounds on the returns that account for imperfect instruments and selection into the sample for mothers that suffer a loss. Our results suggest small effects of delay on earnings, employment, and firm quality--- in contrast with the prior literature. The lower bounds suggest little difference in earnings trajectories around the first birth. This raises the possibility that much of the return may come from delaying the "child penalty" rather than changing how the career responds to children.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationLondon
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Publication series

NameCEPR Discussion Papers

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • female earnings
  • fertility timing
  • imperfect instrument


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