Multi-objective optimization for an integrated renewable, power-to-gas and solid oxide fuel cell/gas turbine hybrid system in microgrid

Xiaoyi Ding, Wei Sun, Gareth Harrison, Xiaojing Lv, Yiwu Weng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Power-to-gas (P2G) using excess renewable sources is an effective method to reduce renewable curtailment issues in microgrid system. In recent researches, fuel cell-based system is considered as a promising technology to consume hydrogen generated from P2G due to high efficiency and cleanness. However, its economic and thermodynamic adaptability when coupled with intermittent renewable sources remains an open question to be addressed carefully. This paper presents a multi-energy system for microgrid in which a wind-powered P2G is coupled with a detailed thermoeconomic model of SOFC/GT hybrid system. A two-level multi-objective optimization of planning and operation together is proposed. For system planning, the optimal balance between the least wind curtailment rate and total life cycle cost (LCC) is determined. To facilitate the coordinate operation of system components, a power management strategy is proposed in response to fluctuations of wind power and electricity load. Results show that in the selected case, the multi-energy system operates with low wind curtailment rate of 0.63% and high renewable penetration level of 90.1%. The optimized LCC of multi-energy system is £2,468,093 with wind power accounting for 68.35% of total capital investment. Both winter and summer scenarios are detailly analyzed and a parametric study is also carried out.
Original languageEnglish
Article number118804
Number of pages15
JournalEnergy
Volume213
Early online date11 Sep 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2020

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