Multiple presentation of foreign peptides on the surface of an RNA-free spherical bacteriophage capsid

R A Mastico, Simon Talbot, P G Stockley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have produced a plasmid expression vector for the coat protein of RNA bacteriophage MS2. The vector has been modified to introduce a unique KpnI restriction site within the coat protein gene at a site corresponding to the most radially distant feature of the bacteriophage capsid, namely the top of the N-terminal beta-hairpin (between residues 15 and 16). Insertion of DNA oligonucleotides at this site allows the production of chimeric MS2 coat proteins having foreign peptide sequences expressed as the central part of the hairpin. We have produced chimeras with a number of different peptide sequences (up to 24 amino acids in length) chosen because of their known antigenic properties. The chimeric coat proteins self-assemble into largely RNA-free phage-like capsids in Escherichia coli and can be easily disassembled and reassembled in vitro. Such peptide-presenting particles may have a number of biotechnological applications, including use as a cost-effective, synthetic vaccine. We have tested the antigenicity of one such construct in vivo in mice and have shown that these particles are immunogenic and that antibody titres against the inserted peptide epitope can be obtained.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume74 ( Pt 4)
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Keywords

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Western
  • Capsid
  • Coliphages
  • Epitopes
  • Genetic Vectors
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins

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