Multiple Trait Covariance Association Test Identifies Gene Ontology Categories Associated to Chill Coma Recovery Time in Drosophila melanogaster

Izel F. Sørensen, Stefan McKinnon Edwards, Palle Duun Rohde, Peter Sørensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The genomic best linear unbiased prediction (GBLUP) model has proven to be useful for prediction of complex traits as well as estimation of population genetic parameters. Improved inference and prediction accuracy of GBLUP may be achieved by identifying genomic regions enriched for causal genetic variants. We aimed at searching for patterns in GBLUP-derived single-marker statistics, by including them in genetic marker set tests, that could reveal associations between a genomic feature and a complex trait. GBLUP-derived set tests proved to be powerful for detecting genomic features, here defined by gene ontology terms, enriched for causal variants affecting a quantitative trait in a population with low degree of relatedness. Different set test approaches were compared using simulated data illustrating the impact of trait- and genomic feature-specific factors on detection power. We extended the most powerful single trait set test, covariance association test (CVAT), to a multiple trait setting. The multiple trait CVAT (MT-CVAT) identified functionally relevant gene ontology categories associated with the quantitative trait, chill coma recovery time, in the unrelated, sequenced inbred lines of the Drosophila melanogaster Genetic Reference Panel.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2413
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Issue number1
Early online date25 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 May 2017

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