Multiplexed Single-Mode Wavelength-to-Time Mapping of Multimode Light

Harikumar Chandrasekharan, Frauke Idzebski, Itandehui Gris-Sanchez, Nikola Krstajic, Richard Walker, Helen Bridle, Paul A. Dalgarno, william macpherson, Robert Henderson, Tim Birks, Robert Thomson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We demonstrate that photonic lanterns based on tapered multicore fibres provide an efficient way to couple multimode states of light to a two-dimensional array of Single-Photon Avalanche Detectors (SPADs), each of which has its own Time-to-Digital Converter (TDC) for Time-Correlated Single-Photon-Counting (TCSPC). Exploiting this capability, we demonstrate the multiplexed single-mode wavelength to-time mapping of multimode states of light using a multicore-fibre photonic lantern with 121 single-mode cores, coupled in a one-to-one fashion to 121 SPADs on a 32 x 32 pixel CMOS SPAD array. The application of photonic lanterns for coupling multimode light to SPAD arrays in this manner may find wide-ranging applications in areas such as Raman spectroscopy, coherent free-space communications, coherent LIDAR and quantum optics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number14080
Number of pages10
JournalNature Communications
Issue number14080
Early online date25 Jan 2017
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2017


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