Mutations at KCNQ1 and an unknown locus cause long QT syndrome in a large Australian family: implications for genetic testing

Kim M Summers, Nilesh J Bokil, Foong Teng Lu, Jiun Tsuen Low, John M Baisden, David Duffy, Dorothy J Radford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A large Australian family affected with long QT syndrome (LQTS) was studied. The medical characteristics of the 16 clinically affected members were consistent with LQT1. A previously identified mutation in KCNQ1 was found in 12 affected individuals and 1 unaffected infant but absent in 4 affected family members. A haplotype consisting of specific alleles for microsatellites flanking in KCNQ1 was associated with the mutation. This was absent from the four affected individuals without the mutation, who had three different haplotypes in this region, indicating that LQTS is unlikely to be segregating with KCNQ1 in these anomalous family members. A genome scan revealed 12 regions where all four of these individuals shared alleles. One region on chromosome 21 contained the KCNE1, KCNE2, KCNJ6, and KCNJ15 genes. A common variant of KCNE1 was segregating in the family but did not explain the anomalous cases. A candidate region on chromosome 7 contained the AKAP9 and KCND2 genes. A previously reported mutation in the N-terminal Yotiao region of AKAP9 was absent from the family. No evidence was found implicating any other known or suspected LQTS gene. This family shows that there remain unidentified genetic causes of LQTS which are clinically significant and highlights the difficulties associated with genetic testing in LQTS, since we cannot rule out risk in individuals who are negative for the known mutation in KCNQ1 without knowing the second disease locus.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613-21
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics Part A
Volume152A
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Australia
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Female
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Genome-Wide Association Study
  • Haplotypes
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • KCNQ1 Potassium Channel
  • Long QT Syndrome
  • Male
  • Microsatellite Repeats
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Pedigree
  • Young Adult

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