Nanocellulose-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites Fabricated by In-Situ Polymerization Technique

Dipa Ray, Sunanda Sain

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

A major research thrust is now taking place on the generation of micro- and nanocellulose from various renewable resources for use as reinforcement in polymer matrix composites. Preparation of nanocellulose from natural resources can lead to the production of biocomposites in an economic way. To achieve uniform dispersion of the cellulosic fillers in polymers and to reduce their high moisture absorption tendency, an in-situ polymerization technique can be adopted. Cellulose fibers are oft en chemically modified or surface treated with suitable chemicals. An in-situ polymerization technique can exploit the best possible effects of chemical modification, which enables formation of a chemical linkage between the cellulosic filler and the polymer during the course of polymerization. Also, the properties of the composites are further enhanced, the composites tend to become more biodegradable in composting environment, becoming more environmentally friendly, and their moisture absorption tendency is significantly reduced

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNANOCELLULOSE POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES: FUNDAMENTALS AND APPLICATIONS
EditorsVK Thakur
PublisherSCRIVENER PUBLISHING LLC
Pages131-161
Number of pages31
ISBN (Print)978-1-118-87190-4
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Publication series

NamePolymer Science and Plastics Engineering
PublisherSCRIVENER PUBLISHING LLC

Keywords

  • Polymers
  • nanocellulose
  • nanocomposites
  • surface modification
  • in-situ polymerization
  • mechanical properties
  • biodegradation
  • scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
  • BACTERIAL CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS
  • POLY(METHYL METHACRYLATE)
  • EMULSION POLYMERIZATION
  • NANOCOMPOSITE MATERIALS
  • AGRICULTURAL RESIDUES
  • SURFACE MODIFICATION
  • CLAY NANOCOMPOSITES
  • MMT NANOCOMPOSITES
  • WHISKERS
  • FIBERS

Cite this